Gospel of Thomas

Manuscripts

  • Nag Hammadi Codex II, Tractate 2 (NHC II, 2)
    Coptic; papyrus codex; 4th/5th century; preserves essentially the complete Gospel of Thomas.

    Online images: NHC II, pages 32-51

  • Oxyrhynchus Papyrus 654 (P.Oxy. 654)
    Greek; papyrus roll; middle/late 3rd century; preserves parts Gospel of Thomas Prologue+1-7.
    Online images: P.Oxy. 654
  • Oxyrhynchus Papyrus 1 (P.Oxy. 1)
    Greek; papyrus codex; late 2nd/early 3rd century; preserves most of Gospel of Thomas 26-30+77.3,2, 31-33.
    Online images: P.Oxy. 1
  • Oxyrhynchus Papyrus 655 (P.Oxy. 655)
    Greek; papyrus roll; 3rd century; preserves fragments of Gospel of Thomas 24, 36-39.
    Online images: P.Oxy. 655
  • Oxyrhynchus Funerary Strip
    Greek; funerary strip; 5th/6th century; preserves part of Gospel of Thomas 5 (P.Oxy. 654).
    Online images: Funerary Strip

 

Editions

  • B. P. Grenfell and A. S. Hunt, ΛΟΓΙΑ ΙΗΣΟΥ: Sayings of Our Lord from an Early Greek Papyrus (1897).
    Contains Greek text, English translation, and images of P.Oxy. 1; first modern edition of P.Oxy. 1.
  • B. P. Grenfell and A. S. Hunt, "1. ΛΟΓΙΑ ΙΗΣΟΥ," pages 1-3 in vol. 1 of The Oxyrhynchus Papyri (1898).
    Contains Greek text and English translation of P.Oxy. 1.
  • B. P. Grenfell and A. S. Hunt, New Sayings of Jesus and Fragment of a Lost Gospel from Oxyrhynchus (1904).
    Contains Greek text and English translation of P.Oxy. 654 and 655, as well as a cropped/black & white image of P.Oxy. 654; first modern edition of P.Oxy. 654 and 655.
  • B. P. Grenfell and A. S. Hunt, "654. New Sayings of Jesus," pages 1-22 in vol. 4 of Oxyrhynchus Papyri (1904).
    Contains Greek text, English translation, and color image of P.Oxy. 654.
  • B. P. Grenfell and A. S. Hunt, "655. Fragment of a Lost Gospel," pages 22-28 in vol. 4 of Oxyrhynchus Papyri (1904).
    Contains Greek text, English translation, and color image of P.Oxy. 655.
  • H. G. Evelyn-White, The Sayings of Jesus from Oxyrhynchus (1920).
    Contains Greek text and English translation of P.Oxy. 1 and P.Oxy. 654; most important pre-Nag Hammadi critical edition of the Greek fragments of the Gospel of Thomas (despite not including P.Oxy. 655).
  • P. Labib, Coptic Gnostic Papyri in the Coptic Museum at Old Cairo (1956).
    Contains reduced-size, black & white images of NHC II, 2 (pages 32-51); first facsimile edition of Coptic Gospel of Thomas.
  • A. Guillaumont, H.-C. Puech, G. Quispel, W. Till, and Y. 'Abd al Masih, The Gospel According to Thomas (1959).
    Contains Coptic text and English translation of NHC II, 2; first modern edition of NHC II, 2; also published in German (Evangelium nach Thomas), French (L'Évangile selon Thomas), and Dutch (Het Evangelie naar de beschrijving van Thomas) in 1959.
  • J. A. Fitzmyer, "The Oxyrhynchus Logoi of Jesus and the Coptic Gospel According to Thomas," Theological Studies 20 (1959): 505-60.
    Contains Greek text and English translation of all three Greek fragments of the Gospel of Thomas (P.Oxy. 654, 1, 655); first post-Nag Hammadi edition of the Greek fragments; reprinted and slightly revised in Essays on the Semitic Background of the New Testament (1974) and The Semitic Background of the New Testament (1997).
  • R. Kasser, L'Évangile selon Thomas: Présentation et commentaire théologique (1961).
    Contains Greek retranslation of the Coptic Gospel of Thomas (NHC II, 2) with French translation, as well as the Greek text of P.Oxy. 654, 1, 655.
  • J. Leipoldt, Das Evangelium nach Thomas: Koptisch und deutsch (1967).
    Contains Coptic text without superlinear strokes (except over nomina sacra) or apostrophes (morpheme dividers) and German translation of NHC II, 2.
  • J. M. Robinson, The Facsimile Edition of the Nag Hammadi Codices: Codex II (1974).
    Contains high-quality, actual-size, color images of NHC II.
  • P. de Suarez, L'Évangile selon Thomas: Traduction, présentation et commentaires (1974).
    Contains Coptic text without spaces and French translation of NHC II, 2.
  • B. Layton, Nag Hammadi Codex II, 2-7 Together with XIII, 2*, Brit. Lib. Or.4926(1), and P.Oxy. 1, 654, 655 (1989).
    Contains Coptic text with English translation of NHC II, 2 and Greek text with English translation of P.Oxy. 654, 1, and 655; key critical edition of both the nearly complete Coptic manuscript and the Greek fragments; standard reference work; reprinted in vol. 2 of The Coptic Gnostic Library: A Complete Edition of the Nag Hammadi Codices (2000).
  • J. S. Kloppenborg, M. W. Meyer, S. J. Patterson, and M. G. Steinhauser, Q-Thomas Reader (1990).
    Contains Coptic text without apostrophes (morpheme dividers) and English translation of NHC II, 2.
  • L. Eccles, Introductory Coptic Reader: Selections from the Gospel of Thomas with Full Grammatical Explanations (1991).
    Contains Coptic text and English translations of Gospel of Thomas 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 15, 20, 21, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 35, 38, 41, 47, 48, 50, 51, 53, 54, 55, 57, 63, 64, 66, 70, 73, 75, 97, 106, 107, and 114, with detailed grammatical explanations of the Coptic text.
  • M. Meyer, The Gospel of Thomas: The Hidden Sayings of Jesus (1992).
    Contains Coptic text without apostrophes (morpheme dividers) and English translation of NHC II, 2.
  • H.-G. Bethge and the Berliner Arbeitskreis für Koptisch-Gnosticische Schriften, "Evangelium Thomae Copticum," pages 517-46 in Synopsis Quattuor Evangeliorum (1997).
    Contains Coptic text with German and English translations of NHC II, 2 and Greek text with German and English translations of P.Oxy. 654, 1, and 655; also includes Greek retranslations of sayings in the Coptic Gospel of Thomas (NHC II, 2) "which have more-or-less close parallels within the text of the Canonical Gospels."
  • D. Lührmann and E. Schlarb, Fragmente apokryph gewordener Evangelien in griechischer und lateinischer Sprache (2000).
    Contains Greek text and German translation of P.Oxy. 654, 1, and 655.
  • B. Layton, Coptic Gnostic Chrestomathy: A Selection of Coptic Texts with Grammatical Analysis and Glossary (2004).
    Contains Coptic text of NHC II, 2 "analyzed into its component 'morphs' - the smallest (minimal) units that express lexical and grammatical meaning."
  • A. Bernhard, Other Early Christian Gospels: A Critical Edition of the Surviving Greek Manuscripts (2006).
    Contains Greek text, English translation, and manuscript images of P.Oxy. 654, 1, and 655.
  • A. DeConick, The Original Gospel of Thomas in Translation: With a Commentary and New English Translation of the Complete Gospel (2006).
    Commentary that includes Coptic text (without apostrophes) with English translation of NHC II, 2 and Greek text with English translation of P.Oxy. 654, 1, and 655.
  • U.-K. Plisch, The Gospel of Thomas: Original Text with Commentary (2008).
    Commentary that includes Coptic text with English translation of NHC II, 2 and Greek text with English translation of P.Oxy. 654, 1, and 655.
  • B. D. Ehrman and Z. Pleše, The Apocryphal Gospels: Texts and Translations (2011).
    Contains Coptic text with English translation of NHC II, 2 and Greek text with English translation of P.Oxy. 654, 1, and 655.
  • S. J. Gathercole, The Gospel of Thomas: Introduction and Commentary (2014).
    Commentary that includes Coptic text with English translation of NHC II, 2 and Greek text with English translation of P.Oxy. 654, 1, and 655.